Alex Williamson

E-mail: scotsgenealogy (at) gmail.com
Last Updated: October 15, 2018


This is a draft phylogenetic tree for the R-P312 Y-DNA haplogroup. The data for this tree come from NGS sources including the BigY test at FamilyTreeDNA, the various tests at FullGenomes as well as the 1000 Genomes project. These are discovery tests. They sequence the DNA to reveal novel SNPs and INDELs which mark new branches of the tree. If you wish to be included in this project, you must complete one of these NGS tests. (See Instructions.)

There are many men out there who have taken other genetic tests such as Chromo2 at BritainsDNA, Geno 2.0 from National Geographic or the Y-STR tests from FamilyTreeDNA. Although these tests are useful tests for determining one's position on the tree, men who have taken only these tests will not be included at this time.

The tree is structured in terms of blocks of (phylogenetically) equivalent SNPs and INDELs. The order of the mutations within a block isn't known. The set of mutations for any man on the tree is the sum of all of the mutations from all blocks he directly descends from. Backmutations or recombination may occasionally reverse SNPs that earlier generations may have carried.

It is a goal of this project to include all the mutations that have occurred in each block, and not just a lead SNP. The most important property of these mutations is that they are phylogenetically consistent. They generally don't occur in any other men, and they demonstrate a sensible relationship to the other known mutations. Those INDELs which are nothing more than change of length mutations of an STR or homopolymer have not been included.

This tree is merely a draft tree as it relies on incomplete data in its construction. NGS tests may not test every position for every man and assumptions have to be made to fill in the gaps. The need for consistency will often force a certain choice. In other situations, where consistency does not apply and a SNP is found in some men and not tested in others, it will generally be positioned as far downstream as possible. The results of subsequent testing may force some SNPs/INDELs to be repositioned further upstream. This is particularly true for mutations found by the Full Genomes and 1kG tests which look at regions of the Y chromosome not tested by the BigY.

P312 S116
Z1904 CTS12684 PF6548
Z40481
ZZ11
Z38841
U152 S28 PF6570
L2
ZZ45
S366 Z43
Z193
PF6658
DF27 S250
Z195
S355 Z196
ZZ12
Z39893
DF99 S11987 Z6001
Z29643
FGC846
FGC847
Y5049
BY3450
BY3449
26715391-T-C
ZZ37
ZZ38
L624 S389
Z30707
Z30597
Z30598
Z29644
Z29645
Z29646
Z29647
Z39300
16441979-A-G
Z39301
DF19 S232
Z4161
S1354 Z8192
S233 Z302
Z8193
CTS12966 DF87
4692394-C-CACA
5980931-T-C
CTS9798
DF88 S4298
FGC11834 Y3095
S4274
S23780
FGC11835
Z290 S461
Z260
S245 Z245
Z21145
L21 S145
L459
FGC3218 S552
L238
Z2244
Z2245
Z2246
A5618
Z2249
Z2250
Z2251
Y18209
Y18210
Y18211
9834329-C-T
14405732-C-T
Y18212
Y18213
A9063
BY25512
14882167-C-T

Men Included on the Tree

The table below is a summary of the men included on the tree. A name in red indicates that the analysis of their results is not yet complete and they may not be in their final position on the tree. Names in green had their position on the tree finalized within the past week.

Links to BranchesCountMen
P312*1unknown (49328)
P312>Z290*0
P312>Z290>L21*3Rathlin3 (RSK2), Hinxton (HI1), Gabion (E21000, E21000)
P312>Z290>L21>DF63134Black (B76809, 8MHK4), Black (717280), Black (N51736), Black (51736), Black (109264, 109264), Black (810266), Black (206124, 206124), Black (242907, 242907), Black (113383), Black (267631, 267631), Black (236265), McFarland (149904, 149904), MacFarland (624623), McFarland (N16301, N16301), McFarlin (80281, 80281), McFarlin (N76446, N76446), McFarlin (448641, 448641), McFarland (317950), McFarland (61105), MacFarlane (143673), MacFarlane (124448), McFarlane (61519, 61519), MacFarlane (337254), Irvine (218190, 218190), MacFarlane (50803, 50803), MacFarlane (273077, 273077), MacFarlane (113242, 113242), MacFarlane (130889, 130889), MacFarlane (158745), McKee (369205), MacFarlane (230321, 230321), MacFarlane (315667, 315667), MacFarlane (202607), MacFarland (B3992), McFarland (172350, 172350), MacFarlane (216092, 216092), McFarland (101775), McAfee (383926), Givens (221632), Macklem (474542), Maitland (603137), McFarland (294525), McKinnon (374112, 374112), Farlin (362439, 362439), McFarlane (501525, 501525), Lennox (259455), Lennox (454727, 454727), McAllister (98697, 98697), McAlister (23488), McAlister (204474, 204474), McAllister (733733), McAllister (143433, 143433), MacFarlane (299554), Innis (339774), Franklin (81528), Faust (B2414, B2414), Franklin (13335, 13335), Franklin (23378, 23378), Franklin (175134), Franklin (211188), Franklin (54798, 54798), Franklin (370928, 370928), King (297485, 297485), Franklin (558922, 558922), Franklin (49976), Franklin (497456, 497456), Franklin (558928), Franklin (345992), Franklin (174870, 174870), Franklin (85548, 85548), Franklin (31309, 31309), Franklin (317688, 317688), Franklin (51598), Franklin (361831, 361831), Franklin (370891, 370891), Bradley (417803, 417803), Franklin (370840, 370840), Franklin (501540, 501540), Franklin (503991, 503991), Fowler (512631), Franklin (558921, 558921), Hall-Franklin (51260, 51260), Franklin (558927), Franklin (43887), Gery (N66966, N66966), Zoll (415378, 415378), Daniels (391232, 391232), Schaefer (H1922), 1k Genomes (HG00243), Lewis (344429), Highsmith (B33208), Driffield Terrace (6DRIF-21), Bertrand (229499, 5JJMG), Bertrand (243119, KC29F), Bertrand (298668), Bertrand (238019), Haldane (263323), Allan (208171), Sims (8042), Hume (458344, 458344), Broom (N11946), Broom (12311, 12311), Broom (278952), Brown (N115284), 1k Genomes (HG02014), Bush (31903), Provis (450962), Bryson (403686), Hicks (401086), Trengove (260069), Passmore (N90495), Griffin (380479), Congdon (765914), Fuller (285218, 285218), Phillips (259349, 259349), Roma (232541), Reif (N128589), Sutherland (14713), McFarlane (663759), Pinto (302076), Cisneros (N118290, N118290), Jones (563445), Willems (284784), Maddox (624748, 624748), Brown (403559), Berry (24516, YF06064), Perdue (172358), Ellis (30669), Lowden (191950), Duncan (57663), Morrison (640340), Thayer (643139), Lurvey (N26237), West (157855)
P312>Z290>L21>BY28994Wildes (290662, 290662), Wildes (336805, 336805), Wiles (B139501, B139501), Wildes (N49494)
P312>Z290>L21>A584612Blancett (8814, 8814), Blanchett (29568, 29568), Blancett (25148, 25148), Blansett (37707, 37707), Blanchard (18091, 18091), Blansett (17356, 17356), Berry (37201), Berry (134686), Berry (B62591), Dawtrey (260684), Tate (357445), Warden (507599)
P312>Z290>L21>A79058Davis (N82291), McKeich (194725), Mattox (25304), Jones (621465, 621465), Haley (B100046, B100046), Sherrill (546621), Mathewson (B193523), Spicer (163734)
P312>Z290>L21>BY351772Miskin (207337), Campion (734747)
P312>Z290>L21>DF13*9McDonagh (260685), Green (N40156), Daniel (9875), Thomson (189779), Noegel (225003), Hopkins (135042), Sheehy (360200), Alvarez (742239), Nichols (848274)
P312>Z290>L21>DF13>DF21613Ogilvie (51794, YF02796), Ogilvie (353870), Thomason (268772), King (58254), Rowan (209130), Corcoran (N11153, R28ZB), Corcoran (365023), Coffman (N41261, YF05259), Coughlin (249175), Conway (N131674), Rogers (377845), Anglin (85950), Donovan (591202), Ray (26343), Nicolson (251719), Allan (249276), Lawrence (50242), Lawrence (59370), Hackley (635849, 635849), McKissick (N121928, YF03389), Morrison (B59838, YF06204), McLain (409113), Miller (213751), Fraser (429683, 429683), Maxcy (B29752), Taylor (188409, 188409), Hind(s) (12461), Mooney (146064), Chesire (93145), Cockburn (357897), McFarland (784455), Price (15888), Savage (62402), 1k Genomes (NA12043), McCandlish (208273), Boggs (27994, YF09646), Boggs (346777, 346777), Boggs (270909, 270909), Boggs (16304, 16304), Boggs (524031, YF09059), Canady (N16254, N16254), Boggs (191742, 191742), Pollock (734021), Boggs (447832), Boggs (847606), Boggs (424295), Boggs (B129711), Akens (404505, 404505), Akin (107672, 107672), Kidd (B6603, B6603), Kidd (385951, 385951), Kelly (303572), Kelly (448188), Stark (171929, 171929), Starke (N21529, N21529), Bogle (385777, 385777), Bogle (313060, 313060), Bogle (B1417), Livingstone (217646), Napier (514512, 514512), MacFarland (166653), Killman (492151, 492151), Lamont (640393), Roy (81540), Doig (234594), Bruce (122002, 122002), McEwan (611207, 611207), Morris (494209), Warren (152417, 152417), Henry (131072), Turner (824946), McLaren (38516, 38516), Clucas (239447, 239447), Strawder (424831, 424831), Killgore (163654, 163654), Kilgo (135168, 135168), Sarginson (511402, 511402), McClain (126467, 126467), McClain (262036), Colson (32816, 32816), Hall (155957, YF02287), Hall (355763, 355763), Hall (428813, 428813), Hall (124777), Hall (151706, 151706), Carr (226184, 226184), Land (24655), Hall (460058), Chism (161035), Black (481146), Doggart (237552, 237552), Aiken (B39656, B39656), Akin (227885, 227885), Akin (446784, 446784), Aiken (544226, 544226), Akin (68005, 68005), Akin (791941), Akins (B74726, B74726), Russell (297534), Akins (93803, 93803), Akins (82962, 82962), Aiken (N90203, N90203), Aitken (617281), Stewart (260452), Stewart (694253), Hibbitt (561812, 561812), McCorkle (263928), Clark (B93450, B93450), , Ferguson (179728, 179728), McKendrick (B91977, B91977), Williamson (196041, P9UH4), Williamson (251118), Williamson (709663), Bolam (359097), Bullen (318825), Wilson (19822, XLY45), Sloan (76609, 76609), Sloan (270674, DCKVC), Sloan (601990, 601990), Stewart (336950), Sloan (13599), Shaw (N18189), Shaw (598794), Oakes (H2290, H2290), Wroughton (353954, 353954), Nilsson (384048, 384048), Hatcher (120418), Hatcher (113640), Armstrong (124492), Harrington (418198), Hodges (134387), McCarthy (177666, 177666), McCarthy (6326, 6326), McCarthy (289928), McCarthy (222616), Rice (25686), Daly (679132), McCarthy (566152, 566152), McCarthy (450808), McCarthy (211886), Stewart (776439), McCarthy (10119, 10119), Mahoney (13771, 13771), McCarthy (422323), Perry (386090, 386090), Fiorini (B55291, B55291), O'Donoghue (365045, 365045), McCarthy (234099), Lynch (489004, 489004), McCarthy (503924, 503924), McCarthy (263424), McCarthy (219504, 219504), McCarthy (288588, 288588), McCarthy (B23719, B23719), Riordan (367337), O'Sullivan (435873, 435873), MacCarthy (510547), MacCarthy (639321), Kelley (109330, 109330), MacCarthy (469541), McCarthy (510546), McCarthy (771230), McCarthy (708549, 708549), McCarthy (724800), O'Sullivan (80166), McCarty (312546), Callahan (248120), Callahan (N133144, N133144), Kennedy (398411, 398411), Kennedy (518888, 518888), Leahy (207157, 207157), Leahy (408699, 408699), Lahey (631732), Kennedy (169021, 169021), Carrell (472232), Meara (B126728), Lyons (140297), Sullivan (137816), Denny (N27808), Porter (N28007), Martin (16473), Sinclair (630255), Ogan (22286), Griffith (229327), Ford (80784), McGuire (222108), McGuire (32277), Edwards (68859), McDonald (367328), McDonald (617821), McDaniel (278275), McDonald (28300), McDaniel (144688), McEntee (216028), McDaniel (438540), McDaniel (450856), Dundas (E10544), McDonald (412502), Mc Donald (423680, 423680), McDonald (442638), King (332859), Biggins (127469, 127469), Bigham (N86783), Biggins (629651), Donohoe (97145, 97145), Donahue (366987), Boylan (456444), King (844751), McAulay (47703), McCall (39559), Beeman (113649), unknown (642857), Osterud (328342), Osterud (220430), Moen (427429), Connally (263699), Conlee (328903), Connelly (78625), Alexander (N18664), Downworth (569121), Groover (536250, 536250), Elliott (104716), McKenna (228024), McKenna (21156), Neal (7207), Cooley (140728), Cooley (358156), Magness (492548), McGinnis (648527), McGinnis (760443), McGroder (439344), McKenna (440779), Donnelly (IN21374), McDonald (463447), Farrell (B244933), Osbourne (121435), Reynolds (207617), McMahon (B2743), Hemmings (N121145), Higgins (96415), McMahon (145687), McMahon (355806), Moorhead (N70960), McMahon (N65214), O'Neil (N28985), Raney (B52935), Curby (B9264), Olds (734100), Hughes (322443), Hughes (696167), Courtney (264834), Conachy (512230), Hughes (252300), Daniel (580819), Carroll (31491), Murphey (270455), Murphey (440053), Kern (37416), Clarke (123611), Clerkin (B66603), Clarke (586560), McQuillan (82960), McCaffrey (319977), Gartland (207940), Main (N107723, N107723), Duffy (B148242), Duffy (415715), Duffy (100022, 100022), Hart (166797), Hart (182999), Monaghan (303542), Shannon (27820), Monahan (465596), Monahan (237073), Higgins (64895), Collins (209736, 209736), Callan (810915), Glennon (156013), Smith (N186397), MacDougall (551166), White (N69302), Dignan (B67020), Tygart (607321), McDaniel (40141), McDaniel (719704), Murray (644289), McMahon (13852), Smith (N57121), Smith (252846), McKenna (366420), Greenan (464031), Cain (191286), Troy (393518), Brady (372856), Cusick (81702), Morrison (318459), Lawler (180119), Roberts (145674), Adams (B54271), unknown (489258), Roderick (8551), Paden (36836), Peoples (277220), Muirhead (579471), Larkin (400462), Blake (493728), Shepherd (287488), O'Guin (182242), Newell (B12758), Webb (75339), Robertson (166091), Robertson (133292), Johnson (259601), Rogan (101633), Calkins (N16767), Calkins (104240), Calkins (B54207), Henretty (285468), Highlands (394284), Carroll (N41845), Carroll (303983), Hendricksson (61096), Casey (223799), Almond (485865, YF06828), Almand (697758), Morris (353573), McVarry (288063), Langton (371091), Godwin (145564), Baty (207860, 207860), Baty (11012), Owens (N150398), Hines (480563), Owens (304261), McGuire (319027), Kelly (160515), Hones (N158000), Tremblay (104452), Ferguson (364425), Ferguson (N118237, 35S7E), Ferguson (12950), Ferguson (132821), Ferguson (271654, PGUQT), Harbour (112244), Rutelli (285483), McDonald (12841), McDonald (141689), McRory (487631), Farris (53766), McLure (382859), McClellan (140820), McLellan (425893), McNabb (513035), McNabb (744111), McIntosh (74060), O'Neill (145081), O'Brien (811173), Hamilton (155347), Hamilton (269660), Hamilton (214652), Hamilton (233732), Hamilton (B77639), Hamilton (524311), Cupit (N27653), Sinclair (466925), Sinclair (36823), McKellar (493976, 493976), McKellar (312297), McKellar (282516, 282516), McKellar (428508, MG6SG), McKellar (519174, 519174), Robertson (295339, LYDH5), Kelly (178886), Duzan (470139), unknown (855522), Fleming (269847), Grant (844577), Ross (133529), Matthews (364397), Brebner (529029), Helm (44592, YF06356), Kenyon (349856), Turner (280362), Doyle (371534, YNM3G), Doyle (453702), McWhorter (494661, 494661), Hannah (328538), Fenton (337084, 1966), Kelly (36758), Grogan (590059), Molloy (241611), Unknown (LP6005677), Doyle (91126), Williams (70983), Marinan (332588), Marrinan (248536), O'Loughlin (443955), Cullen (210550), Glancy (486567), Mongan (N17039), Maher (11R9D), Maher (551689), Meade (N82445), Cunningham (292794), Cunningham (424136), Considine (360874), Cahir (733921), Taylor (332874), Jenkins (B128812), Montgomery (158136), Laing (221278), Jamerson (131200), Jameson (497221), Jamison (154968), Jamison (207191), Waldren (580947), Mathes (B39787), Oliver (316273), Hognert (382256), Corcoran (256210), Duffy (268412), Evans (638486, DN8HQ), Stout (450625), Simmons (26411), Little (B48352), Jones (N97202), Harris (135473), Barker (394294, MD7TR), Barker (40850, YF08018), Tucker (63838), Bean (306923), Manrow (418370), Barry (413002), McCloud (208397), Denman (505040, C476K), Nicholson (514632), Markey (169894), Markey (598644), Swann (105059), Famoso ( 249198), Nankivell (406885, 406885), Osborne (462820, B4NFE), Arvela (N117038), McKusker (454093), Egan (555223, S8AL9), Egan (3601), Flanagan (3722), Rose (6781, 6781), Carroll (190806), Mitchell (174422, YF08494), Mitchell (510126), Bowe (146114, 146114), Maher (396950, YF08245), Cormack (N144276), Maher (24434), Harrison/Tracy (439049, YF07750), Linville (23133), Lee (54646), Carroll (738989), Carrell (359921), Crow (48750), Dooley (168720), Murphy (194206), Redmond (256801), Tracey (45013), Carey (298623), Bohan (15288), Garvey (7565), Purcell (695358), Purcell (107093), Green (253508), Tinney (N126101), Hinkle (241480), Walker (226813), Doolin (45131, 45131), Dowling (530771, 530771), Dowling (386433, 386433), Pemberton (345428), Dolan (202200, 202200), Dowlearn (291311), Hargreaves (B3533, B3533), Kelly (639611, 639611), Kelley (184136, 184136), Kelly (638260, 638260), Kelly (114197), Kelley (205429), Pedigo (N173465, N173465), Viljoen (257808, 257808), Lawler (207303), Phelan (212914), Lawler (B320477), Rowan (357761), Morrison (102866, 102866), Morrison (146318), Downing (187591, 8GEFV), Downey (N125150), McEldowney (518391, 7WQZW), Morrison (26384), Johnson (114270), Lewis (B131873, B131873), Morrison (282328, 282328), Kewley (188545, 188545), Devoy (237627, 237627), Devine (485315), Moore (122847, 122847), Moore (482933), Hamilton (176000, 176000), Bassett (5789, 5789), Kitchen (201059), Hoban (359286, 359286), Philips (N62136), Mahon (71888, 71888), Holmes (N64514, N64514), Murphy (N129469, N129469), Viar (42087, 42087), Viar (208729, 208729), Bradshaw (493462, 493462), Viar (157289, 157289), Moore (265119, 265119), Moore (358527, 358527), McDonald (341014, 341014), Walker (746701), Gillespie (282809, 282809), Coberly (N20114), Clark (9434), Wilson (497158, 497158), Belt (B13344), Naramore (72248), Guillory (389954), Grant (21340), Grant (108223), Grant (21401), Grant (522599, 522599), Mince (579612), Jones (655498), 1k Genomes (HG00116), Bryson (B173114), Sloss (340690), Lusk (188948), Moore (130051), Harshaw (215159), Moore (N25192), Muir (429662), unknown (B129471), Harding (562136), Reynolds (SAXZC), Andersson (560039), Holte (579818, 579818), Jacobsen Rønningen (687535), Bolin (5865, 5865), Bowles (41908), Bowles (N2144), Paul (B125044), Campbell (480623), 1k Genomes (HG00242), Ramage (253729), Owens (282333), Griffeth (145178), Cain (28714, BAPCG), Cain (H1026), Kane (35274, LTKMM), Cain (95954), Cain (75TK7, IN14796), Caine (120655, EMBRV), Schneider (B60543), Kain (169902, 1253), Caine (JMGSC), Cain (B117286, G5VPS), O'Byrne (155076), O'Byrne (290770, 290770), Burns (367009, 367009), Donohue (B9394, B9394), Smith (335583), Bodin (N129428), Scully (310238), Carmack (426155), Thorpe (B63883), Torres (289807), Reed (B108144), Warren (470702, YF08772), Nesbitt (73780), Nesbitt (73780), Nesbit (12496), Nesbit (394615), Nesbitt (12493, 12493), Nisbet (35461, 35461), Nesbitt (23805, 23805), Nesbitt (710600), Henry (198016), Humphrey (51784), Donahue (358147, 358147), Donoghue (643196), Creech (296146), Hynes (424026), Hynes (IN34335), Burke (422328, 422328), Simpson (488382), Nichols (288211), Nichols (175058), Nicholson (299202), Stewart (414233), Ross (435809), Sílastaðir (SSG-A2), Yabsley (B1510), Brandt (121330, 121330), Lewis (B3102), Hinxton (HI2), Fueston (DQWHW), Callister (463458), Mahan (166290), Rathlin1 (RM127), Rathlin2 (RSK1), Wemyss (614113)
P312>Z290>L21>DF13>FGC11134320Collins (237868), Collins (N103263), MacDonald (264685), Marshill (14197), Warthen (169548), Warthen (75146), Beers (B17040), Madison (590976), LeFevre (E13942), MaCaskill (650029), Fitzpatrick (230674), Fitzpatrick (642851), Fitzpatrick (332685, 332685), Leonard (251030), Wakely (628550), Kelley (187737, 187737), Kenny (17137), Ferrel (176224), Boylen (402142), Shalvoy (558621, Q9GFA), Cairns (N116392, N116392), Cairns (716122), Thompson (38962, 38962), Thompson (34484), Vasilij (IN37125), Edgecombe (186947, KAQZG), Thomson (466375), Clifford (348683), Clifford (229090), Clifford (267625), Holme (N113291), Hall (B9675), Hiddelston (481187), unknown (B54273), Burn (178787, 178787), Pratt (788839), Thomas (208003, 208003), Henderson (B84593), Gontaut (176268), Roberts (94156), Roberts (446533), McRaney (21418, 21418), Weir (226109), Stalker (106549), Stoliker (99139), Walker (166439, 166439), Walker (18396), Fuller (424281), Thompson (185596), Thompson (118168), Kelly (350808), Murphy (B2560, B2560), Murphy (N125723), Cuffe (136639), Smith (63259), Roddy (B94719), McCullar (121376), Bergan (61760), McBee (130070), Plunkett (268892), unknown (B148772), Butler (267249), Butler (84676), Dunn (349619), Darby (463287), Ross (N96330), Romundstad (H1944), Johnsen (N117672), Boone (250373), Hague (740966), Givens (38804, 38804), Wright (497072), Fealy (B48749), Brown (290447), Richie (303548, 303548), Richey (433807), Pearson (308826), Simmons (10505, 10505), Brazil (310554, 310554), Brazil (762717), Brazil (204927), Lloyd (B171492), Davidson (25836), Shinnick (809409), Shinnick (139252), O'Connell (112325), O'Connell (128141), Macaulay (93950, 93950), Macaulay (275642, 275642), McAuley (446648, 446648), MacAulay (64647, 64647), Macaulay (756190), Macaulay (556370, 556370), Macaulay (IN23391), McAulay (41613, CD2H6), Macaulay (N213691, N213691), Macaulay (71671, 71671), McCaulley (567235, 567235), Macaulay (214888), McAulay (307509, 307509), Morrissey (101204), Shadbolt (317870, 317870), Stryhn (210257, YF06543), Ober (245010), Clarke (233447), Whitaker (A3093), Morgan (247223), Shreve (510187), Martin (N28633), Hickey (N107669), Hickey (710588), Memos (80818), Hickey (81544), McDonald (188279), McDonald (37571), O'Hearn (292737), Fitzgibbon (380474), Calhoun (310865, 310865), Irwin (75606), Erwin (42048, 42048), O'Connor (681326), O'Donnell (B292198), Burns (B5288, B5288), McDermott (748612), Crowley (284952), Crowley (122073), McCarthy (128856, 128856), McCarthy (107457, 107457), Ragan (117962), Regan (B21583, B21583), Riggin (73128), Riggen (302930), Sweeney (N140278), Donovan (282358), Donovan (184078), Donovan (382868), Donovan (286308), Donovan (35487), Hayes (31397), Hayes (52203), Collins (315944), O'Driscoll (190013), Lawton (274113, 27413), Reagin (237350), Hourihane (253758), McCarthy (486232), Bean (361892), Cremeen (251695), Griffin (128753), Peel (N45540, N45540), Glennon (352), Glennon (864), Green (374065), Spencer (23771), Murray (229625), Hunter (54161), Willard (298068), Allen (30296), Lynch (469572), McAuliffe (275522, 275522), Lindsey (B1114, B1114), Lynch (213449), Connolly (N124160, N124160), Desmond (31143, 31143), Bryan (46005), Robertson (189728), Robertson (444316), Kirby (208185), Franklin (114459), Leek (364427, 364427), Thorpe (355848), Kessel (567033), , , McCarthy (336949), Sullivan (B53034, B53034), Anderson (254559), Driscoll (672557), Teague (424338), Teague (448690), Moody (187530), Teague (206335), Teague (190326), Sullivan (167276), Sullivan (168193), Sullivan (468763), McCarthy (326253), McCarthy (294624), Keith (295125), Sullivan (267382), Sullivan (196206), McGill (56835, 56835), Sughrue (424423), McGillicuddy (IN25545), Daly (B18339), Sullivan (154255, ECCVV), Sullivan (179653), Stovall (239517), Fleming (B29282), O'Mahony (115485), O'Reilly (257151), O'Riley (181491), Mahoney (165440), Fowler-Finn (N27645), Evergreen (369967), Corder (181672, 181672), Foley (256982, 256982), O'Leary (355518), Reidy (119777), Mac Cárthaigh (353692), Howie (273871, 273871), Coldwell (328050), Colwell (B1983), Huey (132318), Caldwell (27520), Hughey (657547, 657547), Caldwell (36785), Ballard (103589, 103589), Ballard (402153), Ballard (176550, 176550), Holbert (382339), Ferguson (88088, KWNJH), Thompson (337190), Ferguson (257329), Fagan (458743), Cohron (411652), unknown (B130242), Hallahan (307280), Minahan (75798), Minihan (B210369), Lundergan (203073), McCarthy (258506), Dyers (294056, 294056), Kirk (651283), Quirk (302117), Corrigan (372854, 372854), Kelliher (N35077), Lucia (423612), McCartney (202776), Kelly (262511), McCarthy (Olson) (68048), unknown (541995), McCoy (N37831), Barry (498582), Carey (299812), Kuhn (N137720), Bordeaux (513622), Sheehan (81090), Sheehan (833664), Shahen (44641), Sheehan (853734), Sheehan (B58300), Shane (300793, 300793), Kirwan (B133763), Edwards (169169, 169169), McCarthy (IN22997), O'Neill (244292, 244292), Oakes (552509), Sullivan (196882), Sullivan (167155), Neville (385971), Callahan (N160218, N160218), 1k Genomes (NA20278), Donahue (20429), O'Hanlon (300242, 300242), McCarty (382210), O'Keefe (166433), Keeffe (206512), Mulcahy (202133), Barrus (169042, 169042), Roberson (N16476), O'Donoghue (11211), O'Donoghue (183411), Donoho (32032), O'Donoghue (152057), O'Donoghue (119130), Donoghue (27983), Kane (B5163, B6564), McCarty (12283), Donahue (43423), Carty (289110, 289110), Moriarty (400670), Moriarty (270685), Smithhart (563428), Lee (298545, 298545), Lee (160052, 160052), Lee (394167), Carroll (N59178, N59178), Leahy (471311), Courtney (618759), Courtney (530298), Windom (140800), Cournane (N130087), White (319282), Searls (181167, 181167), Warren (36951), Davies (163061, 163061), Sharpe (503076), Roberts (14409, 14409), Roberts (593778), Sturgill (B124558), Roberts (360259, 360259), McCormick (263719), Leary (497474, 497474), Morgan (287251), Morgan (560934), Jones (129782), Jones (267159, RKJNH), McKinney (370718), Fischer (B211485), Lynch (B9752), 1k Genomes (HG01079), Neves (172173), Montanez (46904), Jenner (244576, 244576), Youmans (264346), Rinkers (698426), Stewart (B176884), Belfrage (325151), Iverson (282527), Wright (255397), Wright (177312)
P312>Z290>L21>DF13>L513309Bruen (228829, 228829), McCormick (120396), Byrne (56563, 56563), Byrne (30991, 30991), Byrne (N86695, N86695), Garvey (272920), Garvey (10294), Plunkett (61721), McDonald (246556), McGuire (N2051), McGuire (226869 , 6PN7S), McGuire (291241), McGuire (143742, 143742), O'Brien (342457), Bryant (539235, 539235), McGuire (N109246, N109246), McMahon (124546), McCauley (357508), Gilleece/Gillis (756243), McCown (31293), McCaffrey (389364), McCaffery (568658), Burns (425820), Clarke (139578), Clarke (435261), Clark (B6692), McKeon (191153), O'Neill (327807), Goodman (501906), Murphy (273099), Bissett (280532), deCrombrugghe (345270, C9EEQ), deCrombrugghe (352942, 929NW), deCrombrugghe (368361, 538K8), Grewar (151979), Gamble (282064), Tiernan (52762), Waugh (501130), , Christiersson (407318), Lindstrom (513865, 513865), Karlsson (567352), Nystrom (272519), Larsson (443658, 443658), Larsson (552270, 552270), Thelberg (523342, 523342), Gulle (741629), Aitman (500167, 500167), Berglund (490678, 490678), Mickelsson (693031), Mackenzie (260538), McKenzie (304510), Cameron (37986), McKenzie (27331), McKenzie (30344), Campbell (219758), Williams (215816, XC45T), MacKenzie (39431), MacKenzie (35761), McIver (40646), Campbell (24465), McDaniel (526512), McIver (642341), Campbell (N88177), Robinson (95686), Robertson (122823), Gillespie (147176), Rowan (452590), Guild (271595), Robertson (65521), Little (144090, 144090), Little (142502), Little (13273, 13273), Little (32509, 32509), Little (20107), Beatty (174934, 174934), Little (279183, 1826), Little (449557), Little (469058), Lyttle (27531, 27531), Little (677212), Taylor (753891), Taylor (166012), Taylor (299377, 299377), Little (45742, 45742), Little (214883, 214883), Irwin (B83316, B83316), Liddle (646854), Little (33204), Little (83215, 83215), Little (41605), Little (240207), Kennedy (279185), Schaanning (510304), Kennedy (9139), Kenney (468415), McVittie (192941, 192941), Clendaniel (49038), Craig (N154557), Vans (39200), Duncan (388131), Wood (421024), Hood (B144260), Ferguson (46951), Wilson (98112, 98112), McIntyre (676804, 676804), Crozier (429646), Read (324809), Elliott (272477), Cumming (348962), Cumyn (433356), McCowan (447848), McLain (143047), McLean (399563), Knox (268319), McLean (26262), McLean (209709), MacLean (N9932), McDonald (190210), McDonald (137257), McLain (38840), McLean (248792), Duncan (43003), Duncan (171131), McLean (291521), Martin (44265), McClain (252772), McClain (82167), Dugger (N19218), MacLean (231216), Scott (451543, 451543), McFall (104699), Walker (613356), Galbraith (543770), McIntyre (347690), Duff (168205, 168205), Grant (307845, 307845), Newton (204189), Barbour (380318), Black (279772), Campbell (179437), Blake (150749), Black (354479), Crist (313350), Stevens (83065), MacDuffee (121241), McDuffee (706965), Meek (159822, 159822), Meeks (596261), Davidson (231779), Sinkler (29753), Sinclair (110067), Sinkler (127262), Drummond (350754, 350754), Drummond (288137, 288137), Drummond (350631), Stewart (769259), Drummond (171834, 171834), Drummond (602951, 602951), Drummond (328642, 328642), MacIvor (386999), McIvor (B69066), MacRae (16464, 16464), Proffitt (154439), Jolley (216154), Sincock (466677), McPherson (210749, 210749), McPherson (335630, 335630), MacPherson (50994, 50994), MacPherson (234966, 234966), McKinsey (114651), Fitzpatrick (H1601, H1601), Fitzpatrick (249271), McConnell (83015), Murray (447822), Carey (197401), McLaughlin (83035), Leonard (571425), McLoughlin (251996), Cowling (300918), Hall (757274), Kennedy (78220), Hayes (95100, 95100), Hays (N28178), Pillsbury (132342), Pillsbury (601582), Bennett (476765, 476765), Phillips (160637), Merrick (250219), Thomas (8633), Hartley (275990, 275990), Hartley (617805), Smith (307773, 307773), Smith (178277), Smith (65378), Smith (165170), Connell (43722, 43722), Bierney (U2464, U2464), Roddy (286080), Roddy (262836), Patton (337885), Cain (51913), Anglin (56750), Scanlan (479198), Downey (N133447), Wright (B166902), Wright (590783), 1k Genomes (HG00103), Johnston (125553), Breen (262843, 262843), Reardon (72023, 72023), Courtney (446281), Lawton (332322), Gleeson (596085), Devine (4479), Diver (N112468), Matthews (234631), Fritts (131998), Moore (122446, 122446), Coggins (434960), Scott (N102019), McCormack (IN20504), Lancaster (192431), Nicolson (322490), Nicolson (776256), Nicholson (224032), Nicholson (230107), Skehan (B307270), Connor (211516), O'Brien (732728), Dillon (339037), Shea (111318), Shaw (277838), O'Shea (371016), O'Shea (15527), O'Se (371055), Moody (175552), O'Shea (177781), Hays (657235), Shea (34730), Graddy (440208), Coleman (204537), McCarthy (49541), Healy (N57202), Collins (264348), Kingston (106714), Kingston (68119, 68119), Kingston (B163424), Kingston (179680), White (21834), Moore (760786), Russell (181305), Noe (188436), Clark (370153, 370153), Campbell (B204230), Campbell (666203), Martini (276580), Giberson (530140), Winters (52669, f52669), Winter (56277), Jones (B54601), Jarvis (102500), Bocher (660938, 660938), Wilson (117944, 117944), Wilson (128300, 128300), Hall (B46023), Brown (35532, 35532), Heath (288485, 288485), Welsh (238987), Walsh (N54638, N54638), Jackman (91587), Williams (B98602, B89602), Gardner (219571, 219571), Bergeron (85844), Sunesson (N29541, N29541), Reece (360254), Barrett (58568), Adams (178598), Barrett (8132), Morris (82655), Rogers (231066), Davis (B120736), 1k Genomes (NA12399), Reid (228772, 7WDDR), Vance (56954), Whalen (53712), Vance (N39890, N39890), Ross (182444), Ross (541423), O'Neill (225508, 225508), Rose (32119), Ross (282859), Ross (67596), Ross (259690), Ross (104294, 104294), Massey (41206), Brown (115901), Allen (201688, 201688), Kelly (16793, 16793), Patten (151915), O'Donoghue (262020), Kane (228009), Gittens (143683), Gittens (296276), Gittens (187806), Center (82080), Daly (572290), Keillor (261989), Goblirsch (34048), Roberts (210379)
P312>Z290>L21>DF13>FGC5494169McLaren (43205), McLaren (17642), Shepherd (207060, 207060), Cuff (458737), Maynard (259801), Maynard (204236), Maynord (264781), Maynard (248752, GSWBS), Maynard (286072), Maynard (270745), Maynard (337153), Maynard (309112), Maynard (260766), Maynard (270202), Maynard (348767), Maynard (N75035), Maynard (151931), Sanders (B1606), Lunney (159823, 159823), Lunney (159824, 159824), McDonnell (96153, 96153), McGing (B11338, B11338), unknown (260086), Wigand (65932, 65932), Barber (B2443), Jackson (459197), Snooks (450988), Watterson (148326, 0FW1R), Fitzpatrick (H1890), Fitzgerald (720115), Brunet (198135), Morris (267882), Dunavant (164835, 164835), Dunavent (338560, 338560), Justiss (B61170, B61170), Justiss (N51134), Willis (289737, 289737), unknown (501164), unknown (496775), Young (B35809, B35809), Ellis (305545), unknown (446269), Hayward (B4551), Ellis (486614, 486614), Griffin (506104), Tudor (B226017), Ducate (611609, 611609), Killian (17518), Jansen (373506, 373506), Virtue (266945), Ferrell (369768), Farrell (631095), Collins (356525), Mann (191494), Phillips (109920), Collins (173877), Collings (421199), Collins (251382), Nilsson (454328), Maxwell (3204, 3204), Maxwell (345625, 345625), Maxwell (106981), Maxwell (44991, 44991), White (123971), Maxwell (303961, 303961), Maxwell (4369), Maxwell (662098), Maxwell (453951), Maxwell (440221), Maxwell (4846), Maxwell (359274), Maxwell (358858), Maxwell (187985), McLaughlin (473290), Maxwell (170511, 170511), Maxwell (363530), Maxwell (263230), Maxwell (568179), Maxwell (288079, 288079), Maxwell (276351, 276351), Maxwell (320449, 320449), Maxwell (316084), Maxwell (89598), Maxwell (484610), Vance (106673), Maxwell (IN29075), Maxwell (855649), Gladstone (242973), Gladstone (339640), Maxwell (286218), Maxwell (844038), Maxwell (347515), Maxwell (9200), Maxwell (682832), Leman (268203), unknown (376201), Thomas (342021), Donohoe (457609), Evans (N101914), Wells (B1256), Dubose (B10756, B10756), DuBose (87095), Willcoxson (206295), Wilcockson (100453), McCauley (308080), Wiegand (166617), Wiegand (458552), Weygand (789680), Hinman (231244, 231244), Molitz (376390, YF09289), Moliis (561380, YF10222 ), Jones (281380), Jones (74000), Jones (192284), Jones (276714, 276714), Hodge (136699), Langton (371092), Langton (371090), Langton (590060), Teague (393111, 393111), Esmore (253429), Stuckey (76164), Kenyon (31522, YCQYB), Kenyon (176456), Kenyon (B12562), Kenyon (152411), Kenyon (116159), Kendrick (360662), Kendrick (118065), Stockett (N193599), Davis (176358), Davis (157766), McPherson (149220, 149220), McPherson (631592), McPherson (335501), MacPherson (215307), McPherson (816877), Sims (62173), Baker (302119), KasperKohli (15490), Blanton (N60727), Papasavas (B6255), Phillips (16800), Smith (N55408, TDB0O), Abbott (104184), Cleary (213500, 213500), Cleary (263333, 263333), Gorman (109733), Øy (534182, 534182), Brandal (B138257), 1k Genomes (HG02051), Crawford (227298), Crawford (302020), Crawford (358218), Lewis (216008), Wood (473792), Gibson (558572), Nelson (229384), Morgan (364882), Morgan (453249), , Fitzgerald (365171), White (B20815), Harrison (56204), Gray (340717), McMahon (653913), 1k Genomes (HG00115), Brown (125139), Means (B2575), Pilant (493212)
P312>Z290>L21>DF13>Z173005Walter (N114163), Mattox (171406), Watkins (309160), James (82983), Gregory (23361)
P312>Z290>L21>DF13>BY390012Buchanan (10699), Morison (226243)
P312>Z290>L21>DF13>ZZ805Jones (393295), Cook (365), Lowe (479641), Daugherty (B74386), Font (N110212)
P312>Z290>L21>DF13>ZZ10*1Allen (N3983)
P312>Z290>L21>DF13>ZZ10>BY40459Wall (B12750, YF07653), Wall (45), Wall (422116), Wall (476026), Whidden (204709, 204709), Wilson (187958), Isley (631349, 631349), Lupton (266771), Dias (552295)
P312>Z290>L21>DF13>ZZ10>CTS338622Murphy (251710), O'Nuallain (196841), 1k Genomes (NA12045), Parrot (18627), Black (472107), McNiel (335311), Collins (B8494, B8494), Mallett (511289), Dauphin (N122185, N122185), McNeiladge (227117, 227117), Heikki (253986), Braskari (629325), Wozencraft (322808, 322808), O'Dochartaigh (248822), Coughlin (285041), Gilbert (447996), McCarty (58252), MacConnell (95316), Leonard (205820), Lennan (1748), Carroll (344188), Fogarty (349288)
P312>Z290>L21>DF13>ZZ10>MC1436Cameron (689382), MacGillonie (577361), Cameron (28966), Cameron (588894), Cameron (453188), Cameron (144395), Baker (342134), Yuill (N21163), Cameron (B164222), Cameron (324935), MacPhee (145001), McPhee (547611), Grant (281839, 281839), Grant (IN30578), McNab (518957), MacNab (513012), Macnab (544591), Hatch (N109743), McNab (429681), McNab (N76328), Mcfie (751775), Matthews (224813), Macintyre (439831), Cubbon (229437), Beattie (23128), Muny (N49035), Furry (21869), Crawford (293038), Crawford (368142), Beatty (3026, 3026), Beatty (543981), Porter (483065), Soucy (300019), Matheson (154880), Cherrie (650238), Livingstone (IN29828)
P312>Z290>L21>DF13>ZZ10>Z253411Meredith (454172, 454172), Meredith (B126054), Templer (317859, 317859), Norfleet (571825), McCoy (B80845), Christiansen (N94900, N94900), Robinson (725117), unknown (302582), Heavey (302585), Heavey (96063), Heavey (348182), Barry (288343, 288343), Barry (302489), O'Shea (27770), O'Shea (161481), Shea (IN21410), Fitzpatrick (289541), Shea (319427, 319427), Shea (43219), Goff (B2394), , Coker (141217, 141217), Coker (B7314, B7314), Coker (B10490, B10490), Redgate (B11383), Cockburn (335989), 1k Genomes (NA06984), McElroy (157233), Bryant (366173), Smoot (27418), Smout (N142496), Smout (N142497), Chancellor (22964), Fletcher (79763), White (138906), Holmes-Pomeroy (B319768), Parrish (N17901), Parrish (365999), Palmer (38223), Wilkinson (118942), May (3227), McGregor (35981), Wilson (134581), Moylan (278021), Chapman (29232, 29232), Whittle (B148677), McMahon (250985), Curley (231060, 231060), Osborne (88084, YF05170), Williams (43543), Williams (B93050), Bunch (154690), Derickson (345443, 345443), Wilson (262585, 262585), Adams (545516), O'Shea (237481), Saban (N144113, N144113), Saban (513479, 513479), 1k Genomes (HG01500), Snell (43659), McKellar (435686, 435686), McKellar (258467), McKellar (256587, 256587), Basher (536042, 536042), Fitzhenry (173031), Warder (291880), Short (416631), McCabe (244911), Brady (63879), Jones (B89982), Griffith (H1639, H1639), Harris (68598), Musgraves (132694), Musgrave (264212), Dixon (623088), Campbell (226153, 226153), Campbell (638804, 638804), Campbell (150268), Spickes (324680), Campbell (326068), Flucker (355489), Howie (443783), Howie (382420), Whitmore (103733 ), Clancy (241991), Kenny (184691), Crow (7198), Crow (B105725, B105725), Peak (49964), McPike (18526), McPeck (B4027), Eakin (241656), Givney (544260, 544260), Frain (168736), Shields (11986), Barr (AM12840), Smith (B6966), Conklin (B366644), McDonald (104528), Merry (120936), Farthing (B57407), Smith (B15548, B15548), Gresham (B76592, B76592), Gregor (476609), Billingsley (192651), Eltz (674615), Donaldson (298547, 298547), Brown (736879), Brown (792836), Brown (16517), Duncan (28358, 7H6KW), Duncan (20692), Duncan (36576, BCUGG), Duncan (372322), O'Keefe (307780, EEXDQ), Duncan (N53481, TBPRA), Bridgnel (275343), Powell (225183), Chislett (361343), Gray (175660), Davis (499541, 499541), Murray (B3820), Bain (B4979), Sullivan (102943), O'Sullivan (198007), Ramsey (N16295), Youngs (133827), Hockings (264622, 264622), Downing (N112169), Barry (B201468), Barry (31257), Strahan (146819), Cameron (328636), Taylor (100645), Faul (N112860), LeGall (233265), Matthews (B82396), Boyns (267878), Pollard (492201), Salas (N245123), Luz (738574), Wilson (B359338), Sparks (211858), Whitehead (81795), Searle (537285), McKenzie (280514, 280514), McKenzie (191745), MacKenzie (40717), McKenzie (35762), Orem (N1851), Matheson (57521), Campbell (530482), Milligan (183548), Montgomery (179727), Montgomery (472873), Vose (79666), Hancock 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